Theory Test: Accidents & Emergencies

To learn all about the Accidents & Emergencies category watch the video or read the article below.

The theory test featuring questions from this category is at the bottom of the page.

Topics Include

  • First Aid – basic first aid and dealing with road accidents.
  • Warning Devices – knowing how to warn other road users of an accident
  • Reporting Procedures – knowing how & when to call the emergency services & knowing when you must report road accidents.
  • Safety Regulations – understanding the warning signs and dangers for vehicles carrying hazardous loads.

Use Hazard Warning Lights

  • When stopped and temporarily obstructing traffic.
  • When you slow down quickly on a motorway because of a hazard ahead.

First Aid

To stop bleeding without the aid of a bandage apply pressure to the wound and, if possible, raise it.

If an accident victim has a burn, you should try and cool it, with clean, cool, non-toxic liquid, for at least 10 minutes. If anything is stuck to the burn do not remove it.

You find an unconscious casualty. You should check their breathing for at least 10 seconds. Do this by placing your cheek over their mouth and nose (to feel for breath) and then looking to see if the chest rises.

If the casualty is breathing you should still check that their airway is clear.

If a casualty isn’t breathing then chest compression should be given at a rate of 100 per minute. The correct depth to press is 4 to 5 centimeters.

When giving mouth to mouth resuscitation to a child you must breath into their mouth gently.

A person suffering from shock may be sweating and have pale grey skin.

An unconscious motorcyclist must only be moved if absolutely necessary, as moving them could worsen any injuries. Do not remove their helmet. Seek medical assistance straight away.

Any casualty with suspected back injuries should not be moved.

At any crash if you find an unconscious casualty your first priority is to check their breathing.

You must then:

  • check circulation
  • check if the airway is clear. If it isn’t, and you can hear snoring or gurgling noises, remove any obvious obstruction. Only tilt the head back gently as a last resort if the patient is unable to breathe
  • ensure professional help is on the way
  • stop any heavy bleeding
  • warn other traffic.

Try and keep injured people:

  • warm and comfortable by reassuring them
  • do not leave them alone.

Accident Scenes

If you arrive at a accident scene:

  • make sure all engines are switched off.
  • call the emergency services.
  • don’t put yourself at risk.
  • switch on your hazard warning lights.
  • get people who are not injured away from the scene (this is your priority).
If you are in a collision that causes damage or injury to any other person, vehicle, animal or property then you must stop and give the following details to anyone who has reasonable grounds for requiring them.
  • your name
  • the vehicle owner’s name and address
  • the vehicle’s make and registration
  • insurance details

If you cause damage to property and the property owner is not available then you must inform the police within 24 hours.

If you are involved in a road accident the police may ask to see your driving licence, insurance certificate, MOT certificate.

Long Tunnels

  • When driving through long tunnels variable message signs will warn you of congestion or an incident ahead.
  • Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front. If the vehicle in front stops or breakdown you may need to manoeuvre passed it.
  • If you breakdown use your hazard lights and call for help.
  • Tune your radio to the frequency shown.
  • If your vehicle catches fire continue through the tunnel if you can. If you can’t try and put the fire out.

Level Crossings

If you breakdown on a level crossing:

  • leave your vehicle and get yourself and any passengers away from the crossing
  • phone the signal operator
  • move the vehicle if a signal operator tells you to.

Motorways

  • If you get a puncture on a motorway pull up on the hard should and use the emergency phone to call for help.
  • Use your hazard lights to warn other drivers if you have to slow down quickly due to a hazard ahead or if your breakdown and can’t reach the hard shoulder.
  • A large box falls from a lorry. The lorry doesn’t stop. You should pull onto the hard shoulder near an emergency telephone and report it.

When using an emergency telephone you will be asked:

  • the number on the telephone
  • details of yourself and your vehicle
  • are you a member of a motoring organisation.

Other Facts to Know

  • If your engine catches fire you should pull up as safely and as quickly as you can and call the fire brigade. Do not open the bonnet.
  • While driving a dashboard warning light comes on, you should check out the problem quickly and safely.
  • If you breakdown and have a warning triangle, place it at least 45m behind your vehicle.
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Theory Test: Accidents & Incidents

1 / 30

You have broken down on a two-way road. You have a warning triangle. You should place it at least how far from your vehicle?

(mark ONE answer)

2 / 30

You are on a motorway. Luggage falls from your vehicle. What should you do?

(mark ONE answer)

3 / 30

While driving, a warning light on your vehicle's instrument panel comes on. You should

(mark ONE answer)

4 / 30

Which three of these ites should you carry for use in the event of a collision?

(mark THREE answers)

5 / 30

You are in collision with another moving vehicle. Someone is injured and your vehicle is damaged. Which FOUR of the following should you find out?

(mark FOUR answers)

6 / 30

Before driving through a tunnel what should you do?

(mark ONE answer)

7 / 30

You have stalled in the middle of a level crossing and cannot restart the engine. The warning bell starts to ring. You should

(mark ONE answer)

8 / 30

At an incident it is important to look after any casualties. When it is safe, you should

(mark ONE answer)

9 / 30

A tanker is involved in a collison. Which sign shows that it is carrying dangerous goods?

(mark ONE answer)

10 / 30

You arrive at an incident where someone is suffering from severe burns. You should

(mark ONE answer)

11 / 30

At an incident a small child is not breathing. To restore normal breathing you should breathe into their mouth

(mark ONE answer)

12 / 30

At an incident a casulaty is unconscious. Which THREE of these should you check urgently?

(mark THREE answers)

13 / 30

An adult is not breathing. To maintain circulation, compressions should be given. What is the correct depth to press?

(mark ONE answer)

14 / 30

An injured person has been placed in the recovery position. They are unconscious but breathing normally. What else should be done?

(mark ONE answer)

15 / 30

A person has been injured. They may be suffering from shock. What are the warning signs to look for?

(mark ONE answer)

16 / 30

A casualty is not breathing normally. Chest compressions should be given. At what rate?

(mark ONE answer)

17 / 30

Following a collision someone has suffered a burn. The burn needs to be cooled. What is the shortest time it should be cooled for?

(mark ONE answer)

18 / 30

You arrive at the scene of a crash. Someone is bleeding badly from an arm wound. There is nothing embedded in it. What should you do?

(mark ONE answer)

19 / 30

You are at an incident where a casualty is unconscious. Their breathing should be checked. This should be done for at least

(mark ONE answer)

20 / 30

For which TWO should you use hazrd warning lights?

(mark TWO answers)

21 / 30

You see a car on the hard shoulder of a motorway with a HELP pennant displayed. This means the driver is most likely to be

(mark ONE answer)

22 / 30

You are going through a congested tunnel and have to stop. What should you do?

(mark ONE answer)

23 / 30

You are on a motorway. A large box falls onto the road from a lorry. The lorry does not stop. You should

(mark ONE answer)

24 / 30

You arrive at the scene of a motorcycle crash. The rider is injured. When should the helmet be removed?

(mark ONE answer)

25 / 30

Which of the following should you not do at the scene of a collision?

(mark ONE answer)

26 / 30

At an incident a casualty is unconscious but still breathing. You should only move them if

(mark ONE answer)

27 / 30

Your tyre bursts while you are driving. Which TWO things should you do?

(mark TWO answers)

28 / 30

Which TWO safeguards could you take against fire risk to your vehicle?

(mark TWO answers)

29 / 30

Your car catches fire. What should you do first?

(mark ONE answer)

30 / 30

You are in a collision on a two-way road. You have a warning triangle with you. At what distance before the obstruction should you place the warning triangle?

(mark ONE answer)

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The average score is 78%

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